Pamukkale in Turkish means literally ‘cotton castle’. In parallel to the glorious and spectacular view. The dazzling white calcareous castles are formed by waters of thermal springs. Creating the unbelievable formations of stalactites. Potholes and cataracts which are unique in the world.
It looks like a long white smudge along the hills or open cast mine. While walking up to remnants from the Ecirli village. And getting closer it resolves into the edge of a plateau. More than 100m higher than the level of the river valley and absolutely smothered in white travertine terraces.
Pamukkale – Cotton Castles
Some are shaped like water lilies, other like shell – bathtubs with stalagmite feet. With simplest ones resembling bleached rice terraces out of an oriental engraving. Most of them are pure white but some get gradually darker due to contact with air.
Pamukkale area contains hot springs. Waters here are clear, drinkable and have an healing effect. The impact of these spas have been most important in the foundation of Hierapolis. The ancient Greco-Roman and Byzantine city build on the top of the travertines.
Pamukkale are terraces of carbonated mineral left by the flowing water and the most fascinating natural phenomenon of Turkey.
The city was important religious center. There is a citadel and main baths here. The extensive ruins of city wall. Theater. Temples. Basilica and one of the biggest and best preserved necropolis in all of Anatolia. Museum is a great way to learn more about history of this once bustling city.
Pamukkale, as all which are declared World Heritage of UNESCO, is truly beautiful. I have enjoyed seeing natural figures. Watching playful water and the sun in the small travertines. Taking a rewarding look at the green and wide valley over a coffee after reaching the top. Exploring ruins of the city and relaxing in hot springs.
I was even tempted to take a treatment in Dr.Fish Spa where nibble fishes perform the pedicure for you. The queue was a bit too long. Generally Pamukkale is slightly over touristy for my liking but its a nice and easy day trip from Istanbul which I have cottoned to.